Black-eyed peas get their names from their characteristic appearance. They are white legumes with a small black dot resembling an eye. Nutrition of the black-eyed pea makes it an excellent addition to any menu. Black eyed beans also known as goat pea, black eyed peas. It is a medium sized legume which is cultivated around the globe. It is an edible beans and subspecies of cowpea. They are very pale in color with prominent black spot mark on the curve, also known as eye. All beans are green in color when freshly shelled and later turns into brown or buff when dried. They have strong, savory flavor and are usually consider a staple in Indian cuisine. They are excellent source of protein, fiber and help reduce cholesterol.